Numbers in Spanish -LOS NÚMEROS EN ESPAÑOL- aren’t difficult to learn, you just have to pay attention to some patterns and practice a lot of.
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This sheet with cardinal numbers will be very useful to review all the numbers in Spanish, read the tips and, quite important, practice with the quizzes below. Practice makes perfect so let´s start with today lesson.
Spanish numbers from 0 to 100
1. Uno and numbers ending in uno, such as 21 or 91, change to agree with the following noun. They drop the final –o before a masculine noun and have the feminine form una: Tiene cuarenta y un años (He is forty-nine years old). El libro cuesta veintiuna libras (the book costs twenty-one pounds).
2. From 11 to 15 all end in –ce: once, doce, trece, catorce, quince.
3. From 16 to 19 have a different pattern, starting with diez (ten). They were originally diez y seis (ten and six), diez y siete (ten and seven), but become contracted into one word: dieciséis, diecisiete, dieciocho, diecinueve.
4. From 21 to 29 are also contracted numbers, with the final “e” of veinte (twenty) changing to “i”: veintiuno …. veintinueve.
5. Notice that the following numbers have a written accent: dieciséis (16), veintidós (22), veintitrés (23),veintiséis (26).
6. From 30 to 90 all end in –nta and have y (and) between the tens and units: treinta y cinco (35), cincuenta y ocho (58), noventa y nueve (99).
7. 100 is just written CIEN.
Numbers from 100 to 999
8. Ciento, not cien, is used before a number after 100: ciento doce (112), ciento ochenta y cinco (185)…
9. Ciento adds -s in the plural, and doscientos, trescientos… novecientos, agree with their noun: quinientos gramos (5oo grams), ochocientas libras (800 pounds)…
10. There is no “y” and between hundreds and tens: trescientos veinte (320), novecientos doce (912), but novecientos sesenta y dos (962)…
Big Spanish numbers from 1000
11. Mil (1.000) never changes and never has “un” a before it: dos mil (2.000), cinco mil trescinetos veinticinco (5.325)…
12. Un millón (1.000.000) y un billón (1.000.000.000.000) have regular plurals: millones, billones. They are followed by “de” when used alone before a noun:
Un millón de euros
Cinco millones de libras esterlinas.
Un billón de dólares.
Activities with the numbers in Spanish
Now it is time to practice all the theory with six diferent quizzes and word games with numbers in Spanish. Before go with the exercise notice that, like in English, we can organice them into two main groups: cardinal numbers (the one that we have seen today) and ordinal numbers.
You can also practice more numbers listening to the podcast “comprando ropa“. Remember you can contact your tutor with any question you have about numbers in Spanish. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?