PLUPERFECT INDICATIVE in Spanish.
The pluperfect (called pretérito pluscuamperfecto de indicativo in Spanish) is a tense that is used to talk about what had happened or had been true at a point in the past, before another past point. Look at the example: The pyramids had been built before she was born.
Using the pluperfect indicative in Spanish
When talking about the past, we sometimes refer to things that had happened previously. In English, you often use had followed by a past participle such as spoken, eaten, lived or been to do this. This tense is known as the pluperfect or past perfect tense.
The Spanish pluperfect tense or pretérito pluscuamperfecto is used and formed in a similar way.
Ya habíamos comido cuando Pedro llegó. (We’d already eaten when Peter arrived.)
Nunca lo había visto antes de aquella noche. (I’d never seen it before that night.)
Aprobó el examen porque había estudiado mucho. (He passed the exam because he had studied a lot.)
Forming the Spanish pluperfect indicative
Like the pretérito perfecto, el pluscuamperfecto has two parts: the imperfect tense of the verb haber + the past participle:
|Subject pronoun||Imperfect of haber||Past participle||Meaning|
|Yo||había||hablado||I had spoken|
|Tú||habías||trabajado||You had worked|
|Él, ella, usted||había||comido||He/she/you had eaten|
|Nosotros, -as||habíamos||vendido||We had sold|
|Vosotros, -as||habíais||vivido||You had lived|
|Ellos, -as, ustedes||habían||decidido||They/you had decided|
Remember some very common verbs have irregular past participle: escribir: escrito, hacer: hecho, ver: visto… Click on the link to see more
Pluperfect indicative, practice and quizzes
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