Do you know how to speak about countries and nationalities in Spanish?
Nationalities in Spanish is said “NACIONALIDADES” and countries “PAÍSES“, both are plurals. In the singular, it would be NACIONALIDAD (feminine) and PAÍS (masculine). Today we are going to learn Spanish vocabulary related to nationalities and their countries. First, if you want a copy of the pdf sheet, just leave us a message in the comments and we will send it to you. After that practice the vocabulary with our quizzes below.
Take into account that nationalities in Spanish are not written with capital letters generally, only when they are at the beginning of the sentence or after a dot, following the general rule.
Adjectives of nationality in Spanish
Notice that nationalities are adjectives, so they have to agree with the person, thing or place they are referred to in gender and number:
Elsa tiene una familia muy internacional, su marido es australiano, sus hijos son estadounidenses y ella es española.
The rule to use the adjectives of nationality is very easy to learn. You can click on the link if you want to learn more about how adjectives of nationality work in Spanish.
Languages in Spanish ¿Qué idioma hablas?
Nationalities are also used as languages, so you will be able to say where are you from, but also what languages do you speak, with the same word.
Soy colombiano, hablo español, inglés y un poco de alemán.
Unlike nationalities, languages are always masculines, this is because there are actually nouns.
Marcela es francesa habla muy bien español, porque sus padres son argentinos. (Marcela is French, but she speaks Spanish quite well because her parents are Spanish.)
El español es una lengua muy fácil de aprender (Spanish is a very easy language to learn.)
Finally, remember that if you have any questions about how to use the countries and nationalities in Spanish you can contact your tutor. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet? And now let’s go to practice: