Spanish personal pronouns
Pronouns are words, in English, like I, me, we, us, they, them... which we use to save repeating a noun. In Spanish is very much the same.
There are different types of personal pronouns in Spanish depending on their functions in the sentence, they show the relationship between the participants in the speech (ie: who carries out the action, who receives it, what is about etc). Depending on the function they perform, the pronouns take different forms, as you can see in the table below.
Spanish personal pronouns examples
Here you have a list and some examples of the different personal pronouns in Spanish, click on the link if you want more information about any of them.
- The subject of a verb: I, we, you, he, she, they;
- The direct object of a verb: me, us, you, him, her, them;
- The indirect object of a verb: (to/for) me, (to/for) us, (to/for) you, (to/for) him, (to/for) her; (to/for) them. Spanish has single words for these.
- The pronouns after a preposition: pronouns can change in different ways when used after a preposition, but this is something that will in detail in another lesson.
- The reflexive pronouns are also seen in another lesson (click on the link to visit this unit).
There are differences in the way personal pronouns are used in English and Spanish:
- Subject pronouns are used far less often – you don’t need them to tell you who’s doing what because that information can be carried in the ending of the verb:
Do you speak Spanish? – ¿Hablas español?
- Nevertheless, reflexive pronouns are more used in Spanish than in English, where possessives are used often instead of reflexive pronouns.
I wash my hands – Me lavo las manos.
- Object pronouns usually go before the verb, not after
Ana knows me – Ana me conoce.
Except in certain circumstances, like when they are using with an infinitive, a gerund or an imperative affirmative.
I am going to buy it – Voy a comprarlo.
I am reading it – Estoy leyéndolo.
Give it to me – Dámelo.
Personal pronouns exercises
Now you can practice what you learn with exercises below, you have more activities in every specific lesson about the pronouns. Remember you can contact your tutor with any question you have about Spanish personal pronouns. Don’t you have a personal tutor yet?